With the State Fair coming up next week it is important to keep in mind biosecurity, even when there is not a current outbreak of a disease. Just with any large equine event, the chance of your horse becoming exposed to a disease is present. The State Fair is a great event for the whole family and should be enjoyed. So I am sharing a blog from a fellow veterinarian about good biosecurity measures that you can do not only for the State Fair, but all large equine events that you attend.
In the face of the outbreak, can I still attend Midwest Horse Fari?
Toria Waldron, DVM Badger Veterinary Hospital
Keep clean! Practice good biosecurity
- 1) Keep the petting of horses down to a minimum. If you are touching horses, wash hands or use hand sanitizer in between horses.
- 2) Change clothes and shower before coming in contact with your own horses.
- 3) Disinfect boots, tack, or other equipment prior to bring them back to your own horses.
- 1) Horses should comply with the health regulation guidelines for the event.
- 2) Avoid nose to nose contact of horses.
- 3) Use your own water and feed buckets.
- 4) Do not share tack or other equipment including hoses, rakes, shovels, etc.
- 5) If you have concerns about your horse while participating in the event, take a rectal temperature and notify a veterinarian if the temperature exceeds 102.0 F.
What is the best way to disinfect equipment?
- 1) Since disinfectants do not work as well in the face of organic material (manure, bedding, food, etc..) it is important to remove all this material prior to disinfecting.
- 2) Then wash the equipment with soap and water and allow adequate time for the equipment to dry.
- 3) Apply a disinfectant and comply with the label recommendations regarding application, contact times, and safety information. Useful disinfectants include: diluted bleach water (1:10 dilution), Phenolic disinfectants (1-Stroke, Syn-Phenol), or Accelerated hydrogen peroxide products (Virkon).
Shannon Gohr, CVT
Camping with your horse can be similar to camping with a 3 year old child who demands constant attention! As long as things go smoothly, camping with your horse is a lot of fun and very enjoyable. In this blog, we will discuss some tips to keep in mind when preparing to go camping with your horses.
- When starting to plan your camping trip, research the location you are going to. Check into and read through any requirements and regulations for the area. For example, some places will require a trail pass to ride on the trails; occasionally passes can take time to be completed.
- Prior to leaving on your trip, research the veterinarians in your destination area and record their phone number in case of an emergency. Create a first aid kit that includes bute and/or Banamine® paste (Banamine® can be liquid but it MUST go orally, NEVER intramuscularly), triple antibiotic ointment, a basic wound care spray (for example: AluSpray®) for minor cuts and scrapes, thermometer, and bandage material (cotton, brown gauze and vet wrap) for deeper wounds.
- Getting the trailer packed can be a treacherous task. Be sure to pack plenty of hay for the entire trip; generally a half bale of hay per day per horse is sufficient but base the amount of hay off of what your horse typically eats. Don’t forget your horse’s grain. Try to keep as normal of a routine during camping as you do at home. Some horses can be very picky about the water offered to them while away from home; by bringing water from home, it may ensure they stay adequately hydrated.
- Decide how you will stable your horses on the camping trip. Check with the location you will be staying at; some places offer paddocks for the horses, some do not. Some places do not allow paneling for paddocks to be brought in either, so always double check the rules and regulations before leaving home.
– Another common way of stabling your horse is to bring along a tie line; these lines need to be secured between two large trees that can withstand tension. Tie rings are then secured in the line to tether your horse with. Hay bags are ideal for this type of stabling; however, do not attach the hay bag directly to the tie ring your horse is tied to. Attach a separate ring specifically for the hay bag. The reasoning for this is because if a horse spooks at something and breaks the tie line, the hay bag is essentially attached to the horse when the same ring is used for both. The ring will fall to the ground with the hay bag and the lead rope, which can scare the horse further and cause him/her to start running. Ultimately, the hay bag is “chasing” the horse which causes an even larger reaction.
- For all those unspeakable incidents we hope never happen, it is very helpful to bring along a spare halter, lead rope, saddle pad, cinch, bridle, and leather straps (just to name a few). It is important to try and be prepared as possible if the worst is to happen.
Most importantly, enjoy your camping trip. Enjoy the time away and the time spent with your horse and friends!
By: Ingrid Borkoski, DVM
HORSE PASS – (Minnesota State Land) In the State of Minnesota any person, 16 years and older, must obtain a HORSE PASS if riding or driving on DNR state land. This includes many of the parks enjoyed throughout Minnesota. Each person needs to have their own signed pass (not each horse) and it must be available for inspection if approached by DNR personnel while on the trail. Daily ($6) or annual ($21) are available for purchase. The annual passes are valid for the calendar year, January 1-December 31. Trail passes may be purchased from DNR authorized vendors (i.e. those that sell fishing licenses), by phone, online or some parks have self-registration on site. More information can be found at www.dnr.state.mn.us.
County parks may also require that each individual obtain a horse pass (separate from the State of Minnesota Horse Pass). Check the county website in which you wish to ride before heading out. Hennipen County/Three Rivers Park District is one example. Find more information at http://www.threeriversparks.org/activities/passes/horseback-riding-pass.aspx. .
COGGINS TEST – A negative Coggins test (Equine Infectious Anemia) is required to travel across state lines and at many horse shows. Some states the test must be within 12 months, others within 6 months or within the calendar year (WI). Check your destination states requirements before traveling.
HEALTH CERTIFICATE – A certificate of veterinary inspection (CVI) is required if you are traveling out of state. The certificate attests that the horse exhibits no obvious signs of contagious disease on the day of inspection. In addition some states require permit numbers (no extra cost) on the CVI or additional testing of diseases such as Piroplasmosis. Each state has different requirements that may change at any time so please check with our office for up to date information.
It is recommended to schedule your health certificate exam no more then two weeks prior to you leaving. Health Certificates are good for up to 30 days after they are issued.
If you are traveling to Wisconsin from Minnesota a CVI is not required if:
- Ownership does not change
- The horse remains in the state for no more than 7 days
- The animal has a negative EIA (coggins) test from the current calendar year